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The area around the Northern Adriatic supports some of the highest levels of biodiversity of any area in Europe. There are several reasons for this including its position at the centre of Europe, close to the influence of both the Italian and Balkan peninsulas, steppe and steppe-like areas to the east and the vast temperate landmass of Eurasia.

Added to this is the, climate, enormously variable over relatively short distances as a result of the Alpine arc (the Dolomites, Carnic, Julian and Dinaric Alps) lying so close to a warm shallow sea, the Adriatic. Average annual rainfall varies from less than 800mm a year in parts of southern Istria to more than 3300mm in the foot-hills of the Julian Alps, points just 100 miles (160km) apart. Average annual temperatures are equally varied over even shorter distances with a mild 15.7°C in Trieste set against less than 7°C in Tarvisio just over 60miles (100km) away. As one moves away from the coast northeastwards the temperature gradient here is steeper than anywhere else in Europe.

The result of this is that Ural Owls and Three-toed Woodpeckers nest less than 10 miles (15 km) from the first pairs of Sardinian and Subalpine Warblers and sometimes even closer bird species such as Bee-eaters and Hoopoes are less than an hour away by car from Ptarmigans and Pygmy Owls.

This avian biodiversity is mirrored in that of the rest of the flora and fauna with, for example, almost 200 species of butterfly and where some single 10 x 10 km squares contain as many species of plant as are found in Great Britain & Ireland.

We have several tour ideas from 1 day up to 2 week long programmes, fantastic Birding & Culture mix as well. See one of them below.  


Highlights - Italy


Pygmy Cormorant

Dalmatian Pelican

Squacco Heron

Glossy Ibis

Ferruginous Duck

Levant Sparrowhawk

Eleonora's Falcon


Rock Partridge

Broad-billed Sandpiper

Marsh Sandpiper

Great Spotted Cuckoo

Scops Owl

Pallid Swift



Three-toed Woodpecker

Calandra Lark

Crag Martin

Red-rumped Swallow

Tawny Pipit

Alpine Accentor

Rufous-tailed Scrub


Black-eared Wheatear

Rock Thrush

Blue Rock Thrush

Ring Ouzel

Eastern Olivaceous


Olive-tree Warbler

Eastern Orphean


Subalpine Warbler

Sardinian Warbler

Balkan Warbler

Semi-collared Flycatcher

Sombre Tit

Western Rock Nuthatch

Woodchat Shrike


Alpine Chough

Spanish Sparrow


Rock Bunting

Black-headed Bunting


Phone: Call May-October; Text all year 
+36 30-645-9318 or +36 30-211-0006
Call Nov-April: +506 84961012 or 84961417
ecotoursgabororban @
toucanbirdingecolodge @ 

Our mission

Our first priority is to save habitats & species.

Secondly we would like to share our knowledge of wildlife and encourage you to participate directly or indirectly in protecting nature.

We are also working continuously on our carbon balance with developing our 23 hectares of wildlife reserve.

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